The science and technology available nowadays is incredible. Scientists are discovering genetic markers for diseases, thus identifying "Carriers". If we select the right combination of parents from this knowledge, the puppies CANNOT BE AFFECTED. We would never breed Recessive/Affected genes together as it would produce affected puppies.
We detail our DNA screening list in the health document you receive when you contact us. It's also on most dogs' pages under SCREENING TAB.
Information about health, screening and genetic type of testing is vital. It would be devastating to take your new puppy home only to discover they are Affected by an avoidable hereditary disease.
Screening parents and identifying any Affected or Carriers improves future dogs' quality and well-being over time. It enables us to continue the best bloodlines (which are clear of the disease) only.
As dog-lovers, this is excellent news! We can start eliminating the likelihood of certain higher-risk diseases!
With 36 DNA parental screening tests, we can check for some of the most severe problems dogs might face. PRA, for example, causes loss of vision. However, it's completely avoidable if parents are clear of the recessive gene.
Having a low inbreeding percentage reduces the risk for hereditary problems that we can't screen for. These Recessive/Affected disease genes run in bloodlines. Therefore, having parents that aren't closely related helps minimise the risk to your puppy.
We work within an inbreeding ratio of 8%. It's calculated by computer software to reduce human error.
Wherever you adopt your puppy, their parents should be in good health. This includes being up-to-date on their vaccines/flea/worm treatment. They also need to be unaffected by any severe hereditary heart problems.
The parents' hip joint is graded out of 106 (so a possible 53 faults on each hip). The original form is green in colour and will state a score for each hip. E.g. 6/4. This would be a BVA Hip Score of 10. The lower the score, the better. Therefore, 0/0 would be the perfect hip formation. We currently have the lowest score in the UK with the only BVA 0/0 Labradoodle that I've heard of. Associations suggest a BVA up to 18 is acceptable. The average score in the UK is around BVA 12.
The score is out of 6 (so three possible faults per elbow). The original grading sheet is orange and will state a mark on the bottom.
Simpler to understand, it uses a description instead of a comparison score. Joint confirmation grades are either:
This is an often overlooked issue for dogs despite being extremely painful. When a kneecap is slipping, it's referred to as luxation. There is no BVA scheme for patellas; however, there is an American OFA test. This can be performed in the UK. Luxation, if present, is graded 1-4. 4 would mean permanently slipped out kneecaps.
The BVA Eye scheme or it's American counterpart CERF looks for eye problems in the parents. the certificate should be clear of Schedule A and Schedule B problems:
Unfortunately, parents who are "Recessive" (so not "Affected" themselves but born with half of the gene for the disease) will still pass Eye Certification. This is the main problem with non-genetic screening methods. It only tells the breeder if the parent HAS the disease, not whether they can produce puppies with the disease.
Parents are vet-checked before breeding, and our puppies are vet checked at least three times before adoption. Doing so reduces the risk of hereditary and congenital defects. In particular, structural issues (kneecaps) and also incidences of heart defects. We use a highly respected vet; however, these checks are no substitute for the above checks. They are not the absolute screening of DNA testing.